Guide to the Philip Levy civil rights collection, 1948-1953

Philip Levy civil rights C0121


Published by George Mason University Libraries

Contact Information:

Fenwick Library (2FL)

George Mason University

Fairfax, Virginia 22030-4444

USA

Phone: (703) 993-2220

Fax: (703) 993-8911

Email: speccoll@gmu.edu

URL: http://sca.gmu.edu

Descriptive Summary

Repository George Mason University. Special Collections Research Center.
Creator Philip Levy
Title Philip Levy civil rights collection
Date 1948-1953
Physical Characteristics 1 linear foot
Abstract This collection contains meeting minutes and grant proposals from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as well as correspondence on civil rights and race relations between senators and NAACP members. Many of the materials deal with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC), issued by Franklin Roosevelt in 1941 as executive order 8802.
Collection number C0121
Language English

Biographical Information

Philip Levy was a government official in several capacities, serving on the legal staff of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and as counsel to Senator Robert F. Wagner. Levy practiced private law in Washington, D.C. during a career that spanned 1934-1970. He was directly involved with the development of national labor policy in the United States in the 1930s and 1940s, and maintained a continued interest in labor policy throughout his long career.

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Scope and Content

This collection contains meeting minutes and grant proposals from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as well as correspondence on civil rights and race relations between senators and NAACP members. Many of the materials deal with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC), issued by Franklin Roosevelt in 1941 as executive order 8802 partly in response to protests organized by A. Philip Randolph. The bill was blocked from federal legislation by the conservative coalition in Congress, but five states passed their own FEPC bills: New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Washington. Several documents represented in this collection come from Connecticut.

The materials in this collection include a 1948 letter on civil rights from President Harry Truman to the Congress; a 1949 statement of Irving M. Engel on behalf of the American Jewish Committee to the House Committee on Labor and the Education Subcommittee on Discrimination in Employment; correspondence of Senator William Benton to Philip Levy, Walter White, and an op-ed to the New York Times; a 70 page "Program for Progress in Race Relations" submitted in 1951 by William H. Hastie, Arthur B. Spingarn, and Walter White on behalf of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.; pamphlets from 1949 criticizing the Fair Employment Practices Commission on the bases of reverse discrimination and biological inequality between and among races; statements of Senator Herbert H. Lehman regarding civil rights, including an address to a Dinner of the American Civil Liberties Union; 1951 meeting minutes of the NAACP; and letters from the NAACP's Legal Defense and Education Fund to the Ford Foundation's Program Planning Division requesting support for research on unequal opportunities and world opinion on racial discrimination in the United States. The collection also includes various newsclippings and articles about race relations and civil rights during this time. Particular focus is paid to race relations in Washington, D.C.

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Arrangement

Arranged by subject by Special Collections Research Center staff.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

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Related Material

Special Collections Research Center also holds the James H. Laue papers.

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Index Terms

Persons:

Benton, William, 1900-1973.
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Philip.
Weaver, Robert C.
White, Walter.

Corporate Names:

American Jewish Committee.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
United States. Committee on Fair Employment Practice.

Subjects:

African Americans--Civil rights--History--20th century.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Philip Levy civil rights collection, Collection C0121, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries.

Acquisition Information

Collection donor unknown.

Processing Information

Processed by Special Collections Research Center staff. EAD markup completed by Eron Ackerman and Jordan Patty in August 2009. Box list created and EAD updated by Amanda Brent in 2017.

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Contents List

Box Folder
1 1 Senator William Benton Correspondence and Federal Fair Employment Practice Act (FEPA) Speech Documents, 1950-1952
2 Republican Party's Campaign Platform on Civil Rights, July-August 1952
3 Newspaper Clippings and Congressional Report on Closure/Cloture in Senate, August 1952
4 Civil Rights Legislation and FEPC Act in Connecticut Documents, 1949-1950
5 "Connecticut State Inter-racial Commission-Highlights of the Annual Report", 1948-1949
6 Congressional Record, June 1948
7 "Statement of Irving M. Engel on Behalf of the American Jewish Committee To the House Committee on Labor and Education Subcommittee on Discrimination in Employment", May 25, 1949
8 Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) Notes, Correspondence, Report, and News Clippings, 1951-1952
9 NAACP Committee Presentation to the Ford Foundation Documents, August 1950-December 1951
10 Foreign Relations Documents, 1952
11 Senator Herbert H. Lehman Addresses, Remarks, and Statements, 1950-1952
12 NAACP Correspondence, 1951-1952
13 Newsclippings on Segregation and Race, 1950-1961
14 Handwritten Notes, circa 1950s
15 "The Poll-Tax Question", February 15, 1947
16 "Preamble to the Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Civil Liberties", February 23-24, 1950
17 Department of Defense Press Release-"Integration in Far East [Korea] to be Completed by Army", July 26, 1951
18 "News from NAACP" Newsletters on "Major Candidates on Civil Rights" and "Records of Senators Sparkman, Nixon", July 31, September 11, 1952
19 "A Program for Progress in Race Relations" by William H. Hastie, Arthur B. Spingarn, and Walter White Manuscript and Responses, May-June, 1951
20 Factual Supplement to "A Program for Progress in Race Relations", 1951
21 "Proposals" by Dr. Robert C. Weaver - Proposal for Support of a Research Program on Hispanic Americans, circa 1950
22 Proposed Civil Rights Projects and Handwritten Notes, circa 1950
23 "Quizzing Nixon" - Interview with Then-Senator Nixon - U.S. News and World Report, August 29, 1952
24 "Report on Korea: The Shameful Story of the Courts Martial on Negro Gis" Pamphlet by Thurgood Marshall, April 1951
25 "Segregation in Washington" Booklet, November 1948
26 "Should Negros Back Sparkman?: A Debate" Article in "The New Leader", September 1, 1952
27 "Survey Graphic" Magazine-"Color-Unfinished Business of Democracy", November 1942
28 Speech on Civil Rights, Possibly by Senator Benton, August-September 1952
29 President Truman's Message to Congress on Civil Rights, February 2, 1948
30 "Tentative Draft of Statement by Subcommittee Appointed at Breakfast Hill", circa 1950
31 "Twenty Years of Civil Rights Progrress" by the Democratic National Committee, August 22, 1952
32 Senator Robert F. Wagner Speeches, 1938
33 Senator Walter White Correspondence and Articles on Civil Rights, 1950-1951
34 "What the American Negro Wants" - Interview with Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. - U.S News and World Report, September 5, 1952
35 Race Relations in Washington, D.C. Documents and Newsclippings, 1950
Box Folder
2 1 "The Washington Afro-American" Newspaper, January 18, 1955
2 Reprint from American Journal of International Law - United States Congressional Peace Resolution, July 1920
3 "American Diplomacy" by George F. Kennan, circa 1950
4 Martin Bursten and William Benton Correspondence, April 1952
5 U.S. News and World Report Articles, 1952
6 FEPA - "Speech of Senator William Benton of Connecticut in the Senate of the Unite States", May 9, 1950
7 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, January 1949
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