Guide to the Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection, 1670-2004

Randolph H. Lytton C0311


Published by George Mason University Libraries

Contact Information:

Fenwick Library (2FL)

George Mason University

Fairfax, Virginia 22030-4444

USA

Phone: (703) 993-2220

Fax: (703) 993-8911

Email: speccoll@gmu.edu

URL: http://sca.gmu.edu

Descriptive Summary

Repository George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections Research Center.
Creator Lytton, Randolph H.
Title Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection
Dates: 1670-2004
Physical Characteristics 15 linear ft. (11 boxes)
Abstract This collection includes artwork, correspondence, indentures, maps, newspapers, photographs, postcards, and publications from 1670-2004.
Collection Number C0311
Language English

Historical Information

Fairfax County was originally granted to Thomas Fairfax, Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron by Charles II in 1719. It was not until 1742 that the Virginia Assembly officially established Fairfax as a county. Throughout the 18th century, Fairfax modernized in the form of industry and trade. With modernization, Fairfax County was fractured into Alexandria, Arlington, Falls Church, and Loudon. It was also during the time period that the Fairfax Courthouse was constructed with the financial aid of Richard Ratcliffe.

The 19th century brought conflict and subsequent growth to Fairfax County. Many Civil War battles took place within the county as well as the first land engagement of the American Civil War, which took place on June 1, 1861. During the war, Fairfax Courthouse changed hands many times between the Union and Confederacy. After the war, Fairfax experienced economic growth but also remained an agrarian-driven area. By the mid-20th century, Fairfax had experienced a massive population boom, largely as a result of President Roosevelt's increase in government programs, which produced large numbers of new citizens within Fairfax itself. The growth within Fairfax continues today.

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Scope and Content

The collection includes artwork, campaign materials, correspondence, envelopes, indentures, maps, military paperwork, newspapers, paper currency, photographs, postcards, and publications. The items in the collection were collected by George Mason University Emeritus Faculty member Randolph H. Lytton. The collection is arranged into five series:

Series 1: Postcards (1903-1982) includes postcards from Virginia.

Series 2: Civil War Era Materials (1861-1914) includes artwork, letters, maps, military paperwork, newspapers, paper currency, and photographs.

Series 3: George Washington (circa 1700-1960) includes artwork, envelopes, maps, photographs and postcards.

Series 4: Fairfax Family (1670-1975) includes artwork, correspondence, indentures, photographs, postcards, and stamps.

Series 5: Mixed Media (1712-2004) includes advertisements, campaign materials, maps, money orders, photographs, and publications.

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Arrangement

This collection is arranged by subject.

Series 1: Postcards, 1903-1982 (Boxes 1-2)
Series 2: Civil War Era Materials, 1861-1914 (Boxes 2-5)
Series 3: George Washington, circa 1700-1960 (Box 5)
Series 4: Fairfax Family, 1670-1975 (Box 6)
Series 5: Mixed Media, 1712-2004 (Boxes 7-11)

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions on personal use. Permission to publish material from the Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection must be obtained from the Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries.

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Index Terms

Persons:

Lytton, Randolph H.

Subjects:

Letters.
Maps.
Photography.
Presidents--United States.
Slides.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Virginia, Northern--History, Local.
Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Maps.

Document Types:

Correspondence.
Maps.
Newspapers.
Photographic prints.
Photographs.
Reproductions.
Slides.
Tintypes.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection, C0311, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries.

Acquisition Information

Collection donated by George Mason University Emeritus Faculty member Randolph H. Lytton from 2004 to 2015.

Processing Information

Processed by Bill Keeler in August 2018. EAD markup completed by Bill Keeler in September 2018.

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Bibliography

Fairfax County Economic Development Authority. https://www.fairfaxcountyeda.org/history-fairfax-county-virginia (Accessed September 6, 2018)

City of Fairfax Virginia. https://www.fairfaxva.gov/government/historic-resources/city-history (Accessed September 6, 2018)

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Contents List

Series 1: Postcards, 1903-1982 (Boxes 1-2)
This series includes postcards from Virginia.
Box Folder
1 1 Fairfax, VA (1 of 2), 1907-1964
2 Fairfax, VA (2 of 2), 1907-1964
3 Accotink, VA, 1908-1918
4 Alexandria, VA, 1903-1930
5 Arlington, VA, 1909-1935
6 Manassas, VA, 1911-1945
7 Centreville, VA, 1904-1920
8 Chantilly, VA, circa 1950s
9 Dranesville, VA, 1909-1965
10 Annandale, VA, circa 1960s
11 Clifton, VA, 1906-1913
12 Falls Church, VA, 1907-1958
13 Lorton, VA-Gunston Hall, circa 1910s
14 Covington, VA , 1948-1982
15 Great Falls, VA, 1905-1965
Box Folder
2 1 Occoquan, VA, 1907-1936
2 Vienna, VA, 1905-1951
3 Reston, VA, 1977-1978
4 Warrenton, VA, 1909-1931
5 Herndon, VA, 1909-1941
6 McLean, VA, 1915-1950
7 Oakton, VA, 1909-1914
Series 2: Civil War Materials, 1861-1914 (Boxes 2-5)
This series includes artwork, letters, maps, military paperwork, newspapers, paper currency, and photographs related to the American Civil War.
Box Folder
2 8 Matthew Brady salt print of Culpepper Courthouse, circa 1860s
9 Autograph book, 1885-1886
10 Photogravures of Union Officers Philip Kearny and Franz Sigel, circa 1860s
11 2.5x4 inch photographs of soldiers in uniform, circa 1860s
12 3.5x5 inch photographs of soldiers in uniform, circa 1860s
13 Harper's Magazine, July 1861; June 1876
14 "3rd Battalion Sharpshooters" by W.R. Montgomery, circa 1870
15 Vanity Fair, June 22, 1861
16 "Soldier's Textbook" by J.R. Macduff, circa 1870
17 Illustrations of battles, 1863
18 Photographs of soldiers stationed at Camp Algier, circa 1890s
19 Glass slides of Civil War battlefields, circa 1860s
Box Folder
Map case 13.4 Historic newspapers (1 of 2), 1861-1865
13.4 Historic newspapers (2 of 2), 1861-1865
13.4 Historic newspaper illustrations, 1861-1868
13.4 Photographs of John Mosby and Mosby's Raiders, circa 1860s
13.4 Sheet music for Colonel Ellsworth's funeral march, 1861
Box Folder
3 1 Drawings of Fairfax Courthouse and Cider Press by Eugene B. Hovey, June 18, 1862; June 5, 1863
2 Photographs and illustrations of Fairfax Courthouse , 1863;1925-2012
3 Fairfax Courthouse Documents, November 1744-May 1888
4 Tax bills and receipts, 1740; 1845-1874
5 Letter about property costs-Thomas R. Love, Thomas B. Smith, November 21, 1856
6 Recorded agreement-Seth M. Perkins, S. Childs, October 2, 1852
7 "Confederate Veteran", September 1, 1921
8 76th Pennsylvania Infantry Bill of Fare parody, circa 1862
9 Aronon Chapel account book, 1909-1914
10 Biographical sketches of Allan, Emma, and Myron Williams, circa 1910s
Box Folder
4 1 Letter-soldier stationed at Camp Alger, July 2, 1898
2 Letter-Samuel Hand, December 3, 1857
3 Letter-S.H. Reynolds, June 13, 1859
4 Letter-Emily Hunter, Fairfax Company, July 10, 1861
5 Letter-H. August, mentions Bull Run, July 28, 1861
6 Letter-Franklin L. Stuart, Fairfax Station, October 11, 1861
7 Letter-soldier stationed at Camp Pierpoint, October 12, 1861
8 Letter-John F. Putney, Fairfax, Virginia, December 17, 1861
9 Letter-Charles Skinner, New York 26th Regiment, October 26, 1861
10 Letter-F.F. Burmeister, Fairfax Courthouse, October 4, 1862
11 Letter-Charles A. Newman, Fairfax Courthouse, October 10, 1862
12 Letter-James Alfred Mead, October 15, 1862
13 Letter-soldier stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, October 14, 1862
14 Letter with envelope-George W. Newcomb, Fairfax Courthouse, written on "The Soldier's Address", October 24, 1862
15 Letter with envelope-Samuel Willard, Fairfax Courthouse, October 30, 1862
16 Letter-11th corps written to E.D. Morgan, Fairfax Courthouse, December 8, 1862
17 Letter with envelope-Fairfax Courthouse, written in German, December 8, 1862
18 Letter with envelope-Fairfax Courthouse, written in German, October 14, 1862
19 Letter with envelope-Fairfax Courthouse, written in German, January 12, 1863
20 Letter-Union soldier, Union Mills, Virginia, December 14, 1862
21 Letter-Union soldier, Alexandria, Virginia, December 31, 1862
22 Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse, January 6, 1863
23 Letter with envelope-Union Soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse, January 8, 1863
24 Letter-Union soldier, Fairfax Courthouse, January 12, 1863
25 Letter with envelope-P.B. Chamberlin, Camp Fairfax, January 13, 1863
26 Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse, January 18, 1863
27 Letter-Union soldier, Chantilly, Virginia, March 31, 1863
28 Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse, April 18, 1863
29 Letter-W. Barnett, Union Mills, Virginia, May 2, 1868
30 Letter-Union soldier, Fairfax Station, June 17, 1863
31 Letter-S.W. Bosworth, camp near Fairfax Station, June 19, 1868
32 Letters-Timothy S. Walker, Arlington Heights, Virginia, March 23, 1863
33 Letters with envelopes-Timothy S. Walker, Chantilly, Virginia, April 7-May 31, 1863
34 Letter with envelope-Giles Weeks, Fairfax, Virginia, May 16, 1863
35 Letter with envelope-Lair Mason, Chantilly, Virginia, April 11, 1863
36 Letter-Bernard Ferry, Fairfax, Virginia, June 3, 1863
37 Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax, Virginia, June 21, 1863
38 Letter-Union soldier, Upton Hill, Virginia, April 27, 1865
39 Letter-Frank Ripley, Chantilly, Virginia, October 17, 1863
40 Letters-Henry E. Alvord, Washington, D.C., June 28, 1865
41 Letter-Burkes' Station, November 12, 1864
42 Letter with envelope-Horatio Eggleston, Alexandria, Virginia, December 1, 1862
43 Letter-Union soldier, Camp McNulty, September 18, 1867
44 Letter with envelope-Henry B. Crosby, camp near Centreville, Virginia, October 25, 1862
45 Letter with envelope-J. Stall, Pleasant Valley, February 6, 1861
46 Letter-Confederate soldier, camp at Manassas Junction, Virginia, May 29, 1862
47 Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse, December 28, 1863
48 Letter-Ellis C. Strouss, Fairfax Station, October 16, 1863
49 Letter-Cyrus Adset, Fairfax, Virginia, February 16, 1862
50 Letter-soldier stationed at Fairfax Courthouse, March 13, 1862
51 Letter-soldier stationed in Alexandria, Virginia , circa 1864
52 Letter-S. Howard, Fairfax Station, April 29, 1864
53 Letter-Washington, D.C. , December 9, 1863
54 Letters-M. Victoria Wailes, 1921
55 Envelopes-Northern Virginia, 1861-1961
56 Envelopes-Civil War propaganda, 1860s
57 Envelopes-Soldiers stationed in Fairfax, Virginia, 1861
Box Folder
Map case 13.4 Account book and memorandum-John DeBell, June 1, 1849
13.4 Battlefield maps, 1862-1864
Box Folder
5 1 Orders from General Milledge Luke Bonham, July 5, 1864
2 Passes for Union soldiers, July 11, 1861-April 18, 1863
3 Pass for Confederate soldier M. Pierce Butler, July 18, 1861
4 Fuel requisition form-Fairfax, Virginia, November 25, 1861
5 Paper currency-Joshua C. Gunnell, Fairfax Courthouse, September 20, 1861
6 Congressional Reports, May 1862; March 1870
7 Military paperwork and orders, October 1863-June 1865
8 Special Order No. 7, Centreville, Virginia, September 5, 1863
9 Union Battle Hymn, 1863
10 Democratic election materials, 1864; 1892
Series 3: George Washington, circa 1700-1960 (Box 5)
This series includes artwork, envelopes, maps, photographs and postcards all related to George Washington
Box Folder
5 11 Prints and glass slides of George Washington, circa 1780
12 Print of Admiral Vernon, circa 1700
13 Civil War tin type of former slaves, circa 1860s
14 Framed silhouette of George Washington, circa 1900
15 Silhouettes of George and Martha Washington, circa 1900
16 George Washington birthday programs, 1862; 1903
17 George Washington Bicentennial stamp covers and pamphlets, 1932-1960
18 Authenticated copy of Last Will and Testament of George Washington, 1868
19 Civil War era envelopes, circa 1860s
2- "The Story of Young Surveyors" by W.H. Snowden, 1902
21 Two stereo optics of Mount Vernon and the Tomb of George Washington, circa 1872
22 Century Magazine Volume 35, November 1887
23 Mount Vernon postcards, 1906-1948
Box Folder
Map case 13.4 Robert Nesbit sketch of George Washington, 1932
13.4 Map of the principal events in the life of George Washington, 1932
Series 4: Fairfax Family, 1670-1975 (Box 6)
This series includes artwork, correspondence, indentures photographs, postcards, and stamps all related to the Fairfax family.
Box Folder
Map case 13.4 Portraits of Thomas Fairfax (1 of 2), circa 18th century
Box Folder
6 1 Portraits of Thomas Fairfax (2 of 2), circa 18th century
2 Postcards from Leeds Castle and Greenway Court, 1905-1960
3 Photographs of the Belvoir Estate, circa 1890s
4 "Proceedings of the Clarke County Historical Association, Volume VIII", 1948
5 Christmas card from the British War Office, 1934
6 Civil War 350th anniversary stamp cover, 1995
7 Lord Fairfax Boy Scout patch, circa 1950s
8 Winchester, VA Bicentennial envelope, 1952
9 "My Lord Fairfax, Of Virginia", circa 1800s
10 Letter-John Hunter, George William Fairfax, April 10, 1753
11 Indenture-Thomas Fairfax, John Peyton, 1790
12 Survey documents-Henry Fairfax, October 12, 1829
13 Graphic of Thomas Fairfax kissing the King's hand, circa 19th century
14 Signed Biddenden County Parish removal notice, December 6, 1742
15 Graphic of George Washington dancing with Sally Fairfax, circa 1760s
16 Portraits of Ferdinand Lord Fairfax, 1800
17 Letters-H. Fairfax, 1799-1800
18 Letter from Henry Fairfax, September 25, 1912
19 Pamphlet on Sir Thomas Fairfax, 1975
20 Letter-Ann Clinton, Mary Fairfax, July 18, 1692
21 Tax notice-Bryan Fairfax, 8th Lord of Cameron, 1754
22 Drawing of the heraldry of Thomas Lord Culpepper, circa 18th century
23 Engraving of Leeds Castle, Kent, September 10, 1784
24 Letter-Sale agreement, Charles Martin, October 10, 1862
25 Letter-John Marshall, Manor of Leeds, February 17, 1821
26 Indentures concerning land and property, 1814-1837
27 Tax Notices- Bryan Fairfax, 1721
Box Folder
Map case 13.4 Land deeds, 1759
13.4 Facsimile letters-Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell , circa 1950s
13.4 Map of Yorkshire-Richard Blome, 1670
13.4 Land deeds, 1759-1900
13.4 Letter about land-N. Elliot, June 18, 1802
13.4 Will of Sarah Fairfax, 1811
13.4 Indentures-Robert Fairfax, 1685; 1720
13.4 Indenture-Richard Fairfax, 1797
Series 5: Mixed Media, 1712-2004 (Boxes 7-11)
This series includes advertisements, campaign materials, maps, money orders, photographs, and publications.
Box Folder
7 1 Photograph of Constance Cary Harrison with autograph, circa 1900
2 Photographs of the Moore House in Fairfax, VA, circa 1900s
3 Photographs of Kate Waller Barrett, circa 1900
4 Wire story photographs, 1954-1974
5 House of Commons proceedings, 1809
6 Photographs of Fairfax, VA, 1910; 1942-1967
7 Photographs of Herndon, VA (1 of 2), 1905
8 Photographs of Herndon, VA (2 of 2), 1928-1960
9 3.5x5 inch photographs of the Indiana Railroad, 1939
10 Photographs of memorials in Virginia, circa 1920s
11 Chicago Tribune photographs, 1916-1933
12 Fold-out maps of Virginia (1 of 2), 1939-1998
13 Fold-out maps of Virginia (2 of 2), 1939-1998
Box Folder
Map case 13.4 Photograph of R.E. Lee Klan convention-Roanoke, VA, May 30, 1931
13.4 Two John Jackson LP vinyl records, 1966; 1968
13.5 Maps of Virginia (1 of 2), 1879-1990
13.5 Maps of Virginia (2 of 2), 1912-1989
Box Folder
8 1 Fairfax Tourism Materials (1 of 4), 1983-2002
2 Fairfax Tourism Materials (2 of 4), 1992-2000
3 Fairfax Tourism Materials (3 of 4), 1992-2004
4 Fairfax Tourism Materials (4 of 4), 1992-2004
5 Technician certification awards, 1933-1958
6 Publications about home gardening, 1909-1910
Box Folder
9 1 Matchbook covers for Fairfax businesses (1 of 2), circa 20th century
2 Matchbook covers for Fairfax businesses (2 of 2), circa 20th century
3 Advertisements for businesses in Fairfax, VA, 1907-1957
4 Letter to Weel Radio Station, November 1, 1962
5 Letters and envelopes-Joseph E. Willard (1 of 2), 1895-1933
6 Letters and envelopes-Joseph E. Willard (2 of 2), 1895-1933
7 Northern Virginia postal money orders, 1906-1910
8 First day stamp covers, 1934-1988
Box Folder
10 1 Letters and envelopes related to Fairfax, VA, 1820-1939
2 Contracts for businesses in Fairfax, VA, 1899-1961
3 Letter-Lucy Post Frisbee, Claudia Johnson, December 9, 1964
4 Postcards and photographs from Fort Belvoir, 1925-1942
5 Runaway slave advertisement , February 14, 1823
6 The London Gazette, March 1713; August 1755
7 The Spectator , March and November 1712
8 New York Weekly Museum, March 17, 1810
9 Pathfinder: Digest of the World, October 1933; August 1936
10 The Tatler , November 12, 1709
11 Campaign Materials, 1904-1934
12 Fairfax County democratic rally materials, 1928; 1944
13 Northern Virginia Transportation Co. materials, 1915-1962
14 Fairfax public school materials, 1951-1955
15 Spanish-American War ribbons, circa 1900
16 U.S.S Fairfax County LST-1193 photographs and news clippings, circa 1970
17 Publications mentioning Fairfax, VA, 1917; 1929
Box Folder
Map case 13.4 Indian arrow heads from Fairfax, VA, circa pre-18th century
13.4 Various items related to Fairfax, VA, 1941-1960
Box Folder
11 1 Film reel-"The Boyhood of George Washington", circa 1950
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